Q&A with Johan Skullman 與Johan Skullman進行問與答

Questions and answers from our outdoor expert Johan Skullman 25/2 on our Facebook page.

Question 1

Hi Johan, in your video on setting up a tent in winter I see your tent has sides where you put on snow. How can you create the same effect if you don’t have those sides (preventing air to get in) because without those sides air gets in easier?

Answer

It's possible by piling snow or using snow blocks along the sides. When you do this, with or without so called snow mats it's important to remember that you do it to prevent snowdrift from getting in, but don't forget that ventilation of the tent is crucial for many reasons.


Question 2

Situation: you have being skiing many days and your boots gets wet, even they have inner boots. Then you wake up in -35 degrees and find out that your shoes are frozen to a one piece of ice and it's impossible to get your feet into it. How do you avoid this situation or what do you do when it happens? Do you use plastic bags around your socks?

Answer

I recommend you to use boots of leather with a separate pair of inner boots. Avoid rubber since it changes in size due to temperature (expanding in warmth, shrinking in cold!). Always put your inner boots inside a gear bag during night and put it inside your sleeping bag when you wake up to give them some warming up. You can do the same with the outer boots, at least put them together (shaft into shaft!) and place them in between your sleeping bag and mattress. Important not to forget the use a gear bag to protect your sleeping bag from getting moist or wet.


Question 3

How do you keep the weight of the backpack low on a winter trek?

Answer

Keeping the weight and size of your backpack is a matter of choices. In winter you need a slightly more robust tent and well insulated sleeping bag. In addition to that you even may have to pick a more insulated reinforcement jacket. Remember that there is no use in chasing weight on behalf of comfort, winter conditions change often and you need good insulation while resting- Very important for performance and endurance. Your aim and ambition with your outdoor life in winter in many ways sets the standard for your equipment.

Practical tip: Use a two-bag solution for your sleeping bag, one thin (idea: -2 to -5), one thicker (idea:-8-to -15). This gives you a lot more options to adjust according to temperatures. 


Question 4

Inner-tent or not on a winter hike?

Answer

Single walls are tricky in winter condition so I strongly recommend you a tent with separate inner-tent.


Learn more from some of our almost 30 guide videos with Johan Skullman.

以下是我們的戶外生活專家Johan Skullman在2月25日於 Facebook專頁與大家進行的問答。

問題1

Johan您好,我看過您示範冬季搭帳篷的影片,我看到您在帳篷旁邊堆了雪,如果不這樣堆的話,要怎麼達到一樣的效果呢(防止空氣進入)?因為沒有這些雪牆,風很容易灌進來。

回答

其實可以沿著帳篷旁邊堆雪或放置雪磚。但是,不管有沒有所謂的雪墊,都要記得您的目的只是為了不讓雪飄進來,不要忽略帳篷的通風,基於很多因素,帳篷的通風太重要了。


問題2

狀況:如果已經滑雪了好幾天,雖然靴子有內套但還是濕了。然後,早上起床溫度只有零下35度,發現鞋子已經結冰,根本無法穿進去。請問該如何預防這種狀況發生?或者發生時該如何處理?您會用塑膠袋包在襪子外面嗎?

回答

我建議您穿裡面有分離式內套的皮靴,避免橡膠材質,因為橡膠很容易受到氣溫影響而熱漲冷縮。晚上就把靴子的內套用收納袋收好,早上起床後把它們塞入睡袋裡加熱。外層的靴子也可以這樣做,把它們套在一起(筒對筒互套),放在睡袋和睡墊之間。重要的是一定要裝入收納袋,再放進睡袋,才能防止睡袋潮濕。


問題3

冬季行山的時候,要如何減低背囊的重量?

回答

要不要控制背囊的重量和體積是見仁見智,冬天您需要堅固一點的帳篷,睡袋的保暖度也要夠,除此之外,還要帶一件更保暖的強化層外套。記住沒必要為了追求舒適而捨棄重量,冬季氣候多變化,休息時的保暖對於活動表現和持久力都非常重要。需要什麼程度的裝備,取決於您為冬季戶外生活所設下的目標和雄心壯志。

實用訣竅:可以採用雙睡袋的方式,一個輕薄(-2到-5度為理想),一個稍厚(-8到-15度為理想),方便視溫度變化作調整。 


問題4

冬季行山究竟要不要帶內帳篷?

回答

以冬季氣候來說,單層帳篷是有點不確定,我強烈建議您攜帶可分離內帳的款式。


我們有多達30段由Johan Skullman親自示範的指導影片, 這裡擷取一些供您參考。