How to pack your backpack 如何收拾背囊

How you pack your backpack will affect how it will feel when you are carrying it. The basic principle for trekking is simple: heavy items should be placed close to the back and higher up, centred on the shoulder blades. You should also pack in such a way that the items you will need most often are easily accessible and the items you will not need during the day are stored farther down.

Avoid packing items on the outside of the backpack, but if you must, use straps so the items do not hang off the bag and swing. Pack smart - do not leave any empty holes in the middle. Tighten the compression straps and the straps for the top lid to hold everything in place.

It can take a while before you get to know your backpack well enough to pack it in a way that best suits your needs.Here is a check list to follow:

• Store your sleeping bag in the bottom compartment, if your backpack has one, and preferably in a waterproof bag.

• Your bedclothes, flashlight and tent – things you only will unpack when setting up camp for the night – can be stored with your sleeping bag. Separate your tent so that you pack the tent pegs in an upright position along the sides of the backpack.

• Changes of clothing are also packed far down on the sides of the bag. Dirty clothes can be stored at the very bottom under everything else.

• Avoid attaching the ground pad to the side of the backpack. Not only could it catch on branches and tear, but it also creates a wind trap that will cause the load on your back to be uneven. Store it inside the backpack, like a standing tube, with other packing inside. This will keep it dry while and simultaneously protect the other contents in the bag.

• At the top of the pack should be the stove and wind sack so they are easily accessible during breaks.

• Store food in pack bags or plastic bags. Some people sort their food after mealtimes: breakfast, lunch or dinner. Others sort their food by day and place the majority of the food far down in the pack. No matter which system you choose, you should keep your food in separate bags so it is easier to unpack/put away.

• The side/front pockets should hold the items you want to have access to during the day: warm layers, hats and gloves, rain garments and a thermos.

• If you are carrying liquid fuel, you should not pack it where it could spill onto the food. To avoid this, pack the fuel containers upright and preferably in an outer pocket.

• The top lid can also store items you need want easily access: the backpack’s rain cover, equipment for repairs, first aid kits, stove accessories, mosquito repellent, etc. You can also keep your map and compass here if you are not carrying them in a leg or breast pocket.

Lower centre of gravity when skiing

In some situations it may be necessary to deviate from the main rule of maintaining a high centre of gravity in the pack. One example is if you know that you will be crossing extremely uneven terrain. In this case it is better to have a low centre of gravity and pack your heavy items at the bottom of your backpack. These items should also be further down in the pack and close to your back when skiing to improve your balance.

Multi-coloured pack bags make it easier to keep track of what is in your pack

背囊收納的技巧將影響你攜帶時的感覺,行山旅程的收納原則很簡單:重物貼近背部放上方,於肩胛骨的正中間。另外要顧及常用的物品放在容納拿取的位置,白天用不到的物品放下面。

背囊外面盡量不要放物品,如有必要的話,務必用繩索捆緊,不可垂掛搖晃。要懂得聰明地收拾背囊,中間不要留下空隙。收拾好之後,將兩側和上蓋的束帶都拉緊,固定所有物品。

你可能需要先花一點時間了解自己的背囊,才能找到最適合自己的收納方式。可以參考下列建議:

• 如果你的背囊有底層空間,就把睡袋放在這裡,最好再加上防水袋。

• 寢具、手電筒和帳篷這些只有在夜晚紮營才會用到的物品,可以跟睡袋收在一起。把帳篷的零件拆開,讓營釘垂直靠在背囊的側邊。

• 更換衣物也是靠著背囊邊緣往下擺放,髒衣服可以放在最下面。

• 不要把地墊綁在背囊外,這樣不僅容易鉤到樹枝刮破,也容易造成風阻致使背部受力不均。地墊應該收在背囊裡,直立圍成筒狀,再把其他物品收納在中間。如此不但不怕弄濕,還可以保護背囊裡的其他物品。

• 爐具和防風袋應該放在最上面,以便休息時可以隨時取用。

• 用包裝袋或塑膠袋包好食物,有的人習慣依照三餐分類:早餐、午餐或晚餐;有的人則是依照日程分類,把大部分的食物藏在底下。不管你選擇哪一種方式,都應該把食物另外用袋子裝好,這樣不管要打開或收納都很方便。

• 背囊的側袋或前袋應該放你白天用到的物品,例如保暖衣物、帽子、手套、雨衣和保溫瓶。

• 如果你攜帶的是液態燃料,務必放在不會沾染食物的地方。因此,建議將燃料罐垂直置放,最好能放在側袋。

• 上蓋也可以存放隨手可得的小物品,例如背囊的防雨罩、維修工具、急救包、爐具配件、蚊怕水等。如果你不習慣把地圖和指南針放在褲管口袋或胸口袋的話,也可以放在這裡

滑雪時採低重心收納

在某些情況下,高重心的收納原則並不適用,其中一種就是需要穿越極度崎嶇地形的時候。遇到這種情況,建議採用低重心的收納方式,將重物置於背囊底部。滑雪時也應該盡量把重物放底部、靠近背部,以便維持平衡。

運用不同顏色的收納袋,也便於管理物品。

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