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How to choose a winter jacket 如何挑選冬季外套

The primary job of a winter jacket is to keep you warm and dry. One of the first decisions you have to make when buying a winter jacket is the choice of padding. Down and synthetic padding both have excellent warming properties, but there are differences which mean that different paddings are better suited to different situations. Which insulating material is best for you is determined by what you are intending to use the jacket for and what weather conditions you are going to be exposed to most.

Down – when weight is important and it is very cold

Down filling provides the most warmth in relation to its weight, and is easy to compress to a small packing volume. If you are going to spend time in very cold conditions, down is the obvious choice. The same applies if low weight is a priority. Drawbacks include the fact that down does not insulate as well if it becomes damp, and that it is more sensitive to incorrect storage and handling during washing, for example. In severe cold, the air is dry and down really comes into its own. Some down jackets have a moisture barrier (membrane), enabling them to withstand wet weather.

Synthetic – perfect in damp conditions

Synthetic padding is less sensitive than down and the fibres are able to regain their shape even after long-term use. It can also withstand a certain amount of moisture without any dramatic loss of insulation capacity. Jackets with synthetic padding can be washed and are cheaper to buy. One drawback is that a synthetic jacket does not provide the same level of insulation as a down jacket of the same weight, and it takes up a little more space when packing. In temperatures fluctuating around freezing point – when the weather is alternating between rain and snow – synthetic padding is an excellent choice. 

In our material guide you can read more about Fjällräven's down and our synthetic paddings G-Loft® Supreme and Supreme Microloft. However, it is not just the padding that makes a good winter jacket. Read more about:

Design and detailing that contribute to the jacket's function
Fabrics that protect against wind, moisture and wear

冬季外套的主要功能是保暖和乾爽,選購冬季外套的第一步是決定填充料。羽絨和合成填充料都具備優異的保暖效果,但是兩者之間仍有差異,視乎使用場合來決定適合的填充料。個人適合哪一種保暖材質,也要以用途和最常接觸的天氣狀況而定。

羽絨 – 考慮重量和嚴寒環

以羽絨的重量來說,它提供的保暖度卻是最高,容易壓縮成小小的體積,方便收納。如果你要前往嚴寒地區活動,羽絨絕對是不二之選。如果你的優先考量為輕量,那麼也非羽絨莫屬。羽絨的缺點在於潮濕後會降低保暖度,也特別容易因不當的儲藏和洗滌而受損。嚴寒氣候空氣多半乾燥,這時羽絨可以完全展現實力。有些羽絨外套會加上防水層(薄膜),能夠承受較潮濕的天氣。

合成填充料 – 適合潮濕氣候

合成填充料比羽絨容易打理,即使長時間使用也不易變形。它的耐濕性高,不易因受潮而大幅降低保暖度。合成填充料的外套可以洗滌,價格經濟實惠。缺點是保暖度比不上相同重量的羽絨外套,收納也比較佔空間。當氣溫於結冰點上下波動時,天氣處於時雨時雪的狀態,此時很適合選擇合成填充料。

我們的質料指引說明中包含更多Fjällräven 羽絨 和合成填充料 G-Loft® Supreme and Supreme Microloft.

然而一件好的冬季外套,填充料並非唯一條件,可參考更多說明:

提升外套功能的設計和細節
防風、防水、耐磨的布料

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