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Carrying a backpack 攜帶背囊

The feeling of freedom that comes from being able to carry your basic survival needs with you wherever you are is unbeatable and absolutely essential when spending time outdoors. A backpack with an insufficient support system or improperly packed contents can take away from the experience of being out in nature and increases the risk for injury. It is therefore important to understand how the body can carry heavy loads and the implications this has on how to pack and carry a backpack.

It is best for our bodies if the upper body’s and the load’s common centre of gravity is above both the spine’s axis of motion and the pelvis. This is why people in many cultures can carry very heavy loads on their heads.

If the weight is placed too far away from the spinal column, it will twist and pull the spine backwards. In order not to fall backwards, we have to re-situate the upper body’s and the pack’s centre of gravity back to being above the pelvis. We do this by bending forward. Not only does this re-adjustment mean that we are looking down at the ground and missing the splendour around us, this position can also place unnecessary strain on the body.

A construction that carries weight

To make carrying easier, Fjällräven’s backpacks have a comfortable back panel, padded shoulder straps and often also a hip belt. These features distribute the weight of the pack across the body, and the hip belt also removes weight from the shoulders and back and places a greater portion of the burden on the stronger leg muscles. This means you will be able to carry heavier loads further.

The shoulder straps and hip belt also allow you to alternate the load between these two points. For example, on our Kajka backpack it is possible to adjust the width of the attachments for the shoulder straps. This allows you not only to adjust the backpack to better fit your specific body type, but also to redistribute the weight on the shoulders. Side straps on the hip belt and top straps on the shoulder straps offer additional opportunities to redistribute the pressure and load to different parts of your body.

無論你走到何方,能夠把個人基本生存所需要的物品背在身上,那種安心自在的感覺真棒,這也是戶外生活的重要一環。不當的支撐系統和收納會使一趟美好的自然之旅大打折扣,同時增加受傷的風險。因此我們必須明白身體背負重物的原理,藉此學會正確的收納和背負技巧。

把上半身和背負物的重心放在脊椎軸心和骨盆的正中間,是對身體最好的姿勢。許多文化的人民可以用頭頂著非常重的物品,也是這個道理。

如果重量離脊椎太遠,會造成脊椎扭轉及向後拉扯。而我們為了避免向後倒,就必須把上半身和背負物的重心移回骨盆上方,於是身體就會前彎,造成視線往下看,無法好好欣賞四周的風光,同時這種姿勢會給身體帶來不必要的壓迫。

能夠負重的構造

為了讓我們背得輕鬆,Fjällräven的背包都配置了舒適的背架、厚實肩帶,通常還有腰帶。這些設計能將背包的重量分配到身體各部位,腰帶也有助於減輕肩膀和後背的負擔,可將大量的重量轉移到更強壯的腿部肌肉,如此一來可以背負的重量又提升了。

肩帶和腰帶互相搭配可將重量在兩點之間轉移。例如我們的Kajka背囊可以調整肩帶之間的寬度,有助將背囊調整到最適合個人體型的狀態,也可以重新分配肩膀上的重量。腰帶側邊和肩帶上方都有調整帶,可以再次微調,將壓力和重量分散至身體各部位。

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